First you need to soberly assess your strengths and understand what method of cultivation to connect your fascinating hobby with. Remember that hydroponics for a beginner is a complex, time-consuming and quite expensive process. For starters, most choose to grow plants using soil or substrate. However, if you feel the strength in yourself and do not want to waste time on trifles, in this article we will tell you where to start and what equipment you need to purchase.
Varieties of Hydroponic Systems
In total, 6 types of hydroponic systems are distinguished:
- Periodic flooding
This method is simple as a “felt boot” and consists of the flow of fluid from one pot to another. Like everything in our world, this method has its pros and cons, we note the most important: system availability and low costs. However, constant monitoring of the quality of the solutions is necessary, since the risk of contaminating water with pathogenic microflora is very high.
- Deep sea culture
Refers to active systems, in terms of its device, it has not far departed from the “felt boot”. The main set includes a compressor that supplies oxygen to the solution, thereby feeding the root system of plants, which are located in special pots and fixed in the lid of the tank. The pluses include the simplicity and cost-effectiveness of this method, which is great for beginners just discovering the mysterious world of hydroponics. But let’s not forget about the “dark side” – a large amount of moisture and the lack of regular cleaning can lead to decay of the roots and loss of the entire crop.
- Drip watering
We will not dwell on this method in detail, since each grower has his own “chips” in the organization of this system. We note only the main plus – a properly organized system practically does not require human intervention in the irrigation process that also maintains the water temperature for hydroponic systems. However, this is the “Achilles heel” of the system – it needs regular cleaning from blockages.
- Nutrient layer technique
For organization, you will need to visit the local garden store, as all the necessary components can be found there. The roots of the plants are placed in an irrigation canal and a nutrient solution is supplied using a pump on an ongoing or periodic basis. The remainder of the nutrient solution flows back into the tank, and then the cycle repeats. The pluses include active oxygen saturation and the rational use of a nutrient solution. The disadvantages, where without them no one is perfect, including blockages. Also, any technical malfunctions associated with the operation of the pump can lead to loss of yield.
- Wick system
Cheap and cheerful, and most importantly simple, it works. All that is needed is a pot with a substrate and a wick dipped in a nutrient solution. Under the laws of physics, the liquid rises up the wick. Obvious advantages – there is no need to use technologies (pump, sensors), which allows a good saving. The negative side is the lack of nutrient recycling, due to (unexpectedly!) The lack of a pump. Slow growth, which can discourage a beginner from linking his hobby with hydroponics.
A relatively young method of growing plants without using a substrate. The roots are in the air and are regularly irrigated with a nutrient solution in the form of an aerosol. The bowl is used on an industrial scale and allows you to achieve excellent results in cultivation, but no one will forbid you to grow in this way at home. The obvious pluses are: unlimited oxygen access to plant roots, maximum assimilation of nutrients and rational use of space. By cons, the lack of the possibility of using thick nutrient mixtures and clogging the system.
So you got to know what every grower needs, a minimum of “Must have” devices. The list goes on and on. Also, how infinitely can be improved in the art of growing. If you have any questions, you can contact the managers of our store for detailed advice. We wish you successful experiments and a great harvest!