Liver transplantation is a type of organ transplantation where a diseased or damaged liver is replaced with a healthy liver through surgery. For a person who has liver failure or end-stage liver disease, liver transplantation surgery is the only cure.
How can liver be obtained for Liver Transplant Surgery?
There are two ways to obtain liver for transplant, one is from a Living Donor and the second is from a Deceased Donor.
In this case, a part of a liver from the living donor is removed through surgery, as a healthy liver can regenerate again even if a part of it is removed. Then it is transplanted in recipient at the place of recipient’s liver (which is removed).
In this case, the liver of a person who is brain dead is taken and is placed in place of the recipient’s liver.
Who cannot get the liver transplantation done?
There are certain conditions when a person cannot undergo liver transplantation surgery.
- If a person is suffering from a severe infection
- If the person is a drug and alcohol addict.
- If the person is suffering from some serious diseases related to lung or heart or nerve.
- If the person has cancer in any of his body parts.
Can anyone donate liver?
The liver doctor and surgeons select the living liver donor. But not everyone can donate his/her liver. The doctors in the liver hospital identify the healthy liver donors through their skills, experience, and with careful evaluation. The liver surgeons and expertise also need to look at the safety and health of the liver donor. Along with the donor’s liver, donor health also needs to be in good and healthy condition.
Who can be a potential liver donor?
A potential donor should fulfil these conditions:
- The donor should be above the age of 18 years and below the age of 55 years.
- The donor should be overall in a healthy condition both mentally and physically.
- The donor should not be obese.
- Most importantly, the blood group of donors should be compatible with the recipient’s blood group.
- A donor can be spouse also or any relative too.
- Body size of recipient and donor should not have much difference.
Is liver transplantation facility legally available in India?
Yes, the liver transplant in India is legal. But as per the Transplantation of Human Organs Act, there are certain clauses which bound it for the prevention of the use of organs commercially. All the hospitals in India who have the liver transplantation facility, follow all the rules which come under this act.
Risks involved with Liver Transplant Surgery
There are only two major risks which are involved with the Liver Transplant Surgery. One is the rejection, where the recipient’s immune system can reject the new liver placed. As the immune system may treat the new liver as a foreign substance like a virus. To prevent the rejection of new liver by the immune system, doctors may provide certain drugs to the recipient.
Another risk involved is of infection. As many recipient’s immune systems become weak and they are more prone to infections. The doctors can also treat such infections with the help of medicines.